NAMRATA ACHARYA Valley Krishi Campus
The loss of the fertile soil and biodiversity, along with loss of indigenous landraces and technology pose a big threat to our future survival. According to some study, the current rates of soil destruction (i.e. decarbonization , erosion, desertification, pollution), within 50 years we will not only suffer serious damage to public health but we will literally no longer have enough arable topsoil to feed ourselves due to poor and unmanaged farming system. So, it is necessary to change our farming practices to conserve our ecosystem along with our health. For this ,regenerative agriculture may be the best solution.
IT is an approach to agriculture that focuses on the interconnection between farming systems and the ecological system as a whole. And, it has a core objective to restore the natural ecosystem for the benefit of all living beings. It is an approach to farm and ranch management that aims to reverse climate change through different practices that restore degraded soils. By rebuilding soil organic matter and soil biodiversity we can significantly improve the soil fertility and the water cycle. Practices involved in Regenerative Agriculture includes no-till or minimum tillage techniques, the use of cover crops, crop rotations, compost, and animal manures, the inoculation of soils with composts or compost extracts to restore soil microbial activity, and managed.
Regenerative Agriculture can feed the world, decreases the Green House Gas emission,improve crop yield, restore grassland and so on. It also helps to improve water and air quality, enhance ecosystem biodiversity, produce nutrient-dense food, and store carbon to mitigate the effects of climate change. It focuses on creating the conditions for life above and below ground.
Regenerative Agriculture reverse climate change and promote food security by:
• Rebuilding organic carbon
• Regenerating topsoil and strengthening its health
• Increasing and conserving biodiversity
• Improving the water cycle
• Increasing resistance to climate change.
In overall, Regenerative agriculture leads to healthy soil, capable of producing high quality, nutrient dense food while simultaneously improving, rather than degrading land, and ultimately leading to productive farms and healthy communities and economies. That’s why it is an important approach and solution for many problems.