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Monday, 3rd October 2022 || १७ असोज २०७९, सोमबार

Quality seeds for food self sufficiency and food security in Nepal

krishireview
२०७८ भदौ ५ , शनिबार ०८:०८ मा प्रकाशित | ७३१ पटक पढिएको

Bardibas,Mahottari/

 Seed  is the basic vital unit in agriculture, which is also the basis for food security, conservation of biodiversity. It is also a means for the delivery of new technologies and support services to rural areas. Seed system is one of the most vital components of the agricultural system that serves as an important element in strategies for agricultural development and poverty reduction. COVID-19 pandemic has affected almost every system worldwide. Seed system is not devoid of its effects too. Seed supply chain has been disrupted badly with very minimal workers around this sector, right now. Not only this sector but that of food safety, World Food security, has been affected severely as well. Importance of quality seeds is being understood, and is also being seen as a basic tool for a secure food supply because of this havoc going around in the world. Quality seeds ensure a good crop stand because of its high genetic and physiological qualities. 

Although , food self sufficiency and food security sound quite similar, but these two are different terms. “Food security” means being able to get adequate and sufficient food , regardless where it comes from. “Food self sufficiency” means when we grow all the food , we need it right here at home. Today , this is the 21st century , the whole world is a victim of a dangerous infectious spreadable  virus named as Covid-19  which is known as the severe acute  respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS CoV 2).  In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China and lockdown starts in several countries including our country Nepal too for the prevention of such pandemic.

During such a pandemic, food(nutrition) is very important because the majority of deaths from covid-19 positively correlate  with the persons having weak immune system. From these major instances, we have now realized the importance of food self sufficiency in Nepal. As lockdown starts, the problem has arised to all farmers and consumers too. We all human beings depend on agriculture and a good maximum harvest yield depends on quality seed which must be delivered to farmers. But due to such restrictions to avoid such pandemic, farmer’s didn’t get the quality seed is required time  .The main problem behind the low productivity of crops is that our country Nepal is always dependent on neighboring country , India for Seed is the basic vital unit in agriculture, which is also basis for food security, conservation of biodiversity. It is also a means for the delivery of new technologies and support services to rural areas. Seed system is one of the most vital components of the agricultural system that serves as an important element in strategies for agricultural development and poverty reduction. COVID-19 pandemic has affected almost every system worldwide. Seed system is not devoid of its effects too. Seed supply chain has been disrupted badly with very minimal workers around this sector, right now. Not only this sector but that of food safety, World Food security, has been affected severely as well. Importance of quality seeds is being understood, and is also being seen as a basic tool for a secure food supply because of this havoc going around in the world. Quality seeds ensure a good crop stand because of its high genetic and physiological qualities. So, with the institutional and technological enhancements in seed sectors, quality seeds can be used as a solution for food security in addition to food self-sufficiency too. Production of seeds by following proper seed cycle, unifying seed system with complete knowledge and technological training on post-harvest operations up to marketing, utilization of maximum seed policies, seed schemes national, international both needs to be done in order to be self-reliable, sustainable, standard in line with sustaining food security and enhancing productivity.id seed. 

Importance of quality seeds has been recognized from the time immemorial. Seed quality has been treated as sacred, being an important factor for the improvement of agriculture and agrial societies. Quality seeds are those seeds which are vitally  pure  weight, maximum higher germination percentage with proper moisture content, free from disease and insect pests and have a good yield. Improved varieties can contribute about 20-25% increase in yield. Different types of quality seeds are found such as nucleus seed, breeder seed, certified seed, foundation seed, truthfully labelled seed , registered seed and so on.

Food security is  being able to get adequate and sufficient food . It exists due to the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods. Food security is very important because everybody has to eat, food is  a basic human right, it is vital to preserve the blueprint (capacity, skills and tools to feed ourselves).Quality seeds help to maintain food security in a tremendous way. Producing quality seeds is an effective management to shortcut the deep rooted issues like self- sufficiency , food security , economic development and so on

Conclusion

 By  the help of certified seeds, farmers can fulfill the demand of consumers at any cost and also fulfill the basic needs of their family. If these quality seeds are easily available to farmers then we may not have to face the problem of consuming cereals and crops in the near future and there is no problem either. And it is less costly in production than any other seeds which can be fruitful to farmers in rural areas and also helps to control the gross domestic product of our country Nepal . So, with the institutional and technological enhancements in seed sectors, quality seeds can be used as a solution for food security in addition to food self-sufficiency too. Production of seeds by following proper seed cycle, unifying seed system with complete knowledge and technological training on post-harvest operations up to marketing, utilization of maximum seed policies, seed schemes national, international both needs to be done in order to be self-reliable, sustainable, standard in line with sustaining food security and enhancing productivity.

प्रतिक्रिया

Quality seeds self sufficiency and food security in Nepal

ट्रेन्डिङ ( साप्ताहिक )

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