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Sunday, 2nd October 2022 || १६ असोज २०७९, आईतबार

Organic Farming in Nepal

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२०७९ जेठ २४ , मंगलबार ०५:०६ मा प्रकाशित | १७० पटक पढिएको

Rejina sapkota Valley krishi campus

Nepal is an agrarian country about 66 percent of people engaged in Agriculture. Agriculture sector contributes about 25.8 % to the total GDP of country. Mostly people in hills and mountain region are associated with subsistence farming system which emphasizes the organic crop production. Organic farming system refers to the system of raising crops in a natural way using indigenous means and methods and avoiding the use of synthetic chemicals that pose harm to environment land and human health. However, pesticides consumption has been increasing by 10 to 20 % a year with a aim of increasing crop production and uplifting subsistence farming system to commercial level  .

Excessive use of chemicals and fertilizers could jeopardize natural resources, decline the soil quality and sustainability, disturbs soil inhabitants as well as pose a risk to human health. Thus, it is indispensable to promote organic farming system as a way of conserving soil, environment and human health. It relies on  balanced ecological principles such as Biological pest control methods ( Using botanical pesticides such as Ashuro, Bakaino ,Titepati , etc) , crop rotation, Use of Farm yard manure, green manure, vermicompost and so on .

There are certain agricultural goods which are produced under organic farming system such as Tea, coffee, cardamom and medicinal herbs but they are mainly export oriented. Besides it’s importance, there are also some challenges in adopting organic farming system. Government provide subsidies in fertilizer that encourage farmers to use chemical fertilizers rather than using organic manure that requires high cost of production and is labor intensive. Also, It is a multi year process and it takes at least three years for a land without chemicals  to be considered as organic. There are no any government organisation involved in certification and labelling of organic products. Although, There are  some private sector engaged in certifying organic products but they lack accuracy , efficiency and it is difficult to compete with international certification in case of export.

Considering the impacts of chemical fertilizers and conventional agriculture in our soil, ecology and human health, organic farming should be promoted amongst farmer as soon as possible.  Concerned authority should formulate the necessary plans and policies and implement it to encourage farmers to adopt organic farming system . It’s time to overlook the challenges of organic farming system and working against it from local to government level in all possible way. 

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organic farming

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