Seed certification system is a legal system for quality control of seed during seed multiplication and production. It is a scientific and systematically designed process to secure, maintain, multiply and make available seeds of notified and related varieties to the farmers. Seed certification through field and laboratory inspections and continuous record keeping provide a most practical and reliable method of verifying genetic identity and purity certified seed is for successful crop production as well as an important risk management tool. It is controlled and inspected by official sources to guarantee the quality of seeds to consumers.
Seed Certification in Nepal
In our country, general knowledge regarding seed business is growing along with its development. Different seed production initiatives are being carried on “seed certification”. When seed is to be purchased from Agro vet or other state departments, certificates are essential. With long term vision Nepal adopted a holistic vision for the development of Nepal’s seed sector included in “National Seed Vision 2013 – 2025”. The leading organization for seed certification in Nepal is “Seed Quality Control Center” (SQCC). SQCC has been obtaining accreditation from the international community of seed certification. In the context of Nepal, seeds are properly labeled and recorded in the register and the information which should be included in the list are: the species (Latin name and Nepali name), Date of collection, Place of collection, District, Zone.
Objection of seed Certification
- To know about the genetic identity of seed
- To ensure physical purity, germination percentage are as required
- To supply high quality seed to farmers and other growers for better yield
Steps of Seed Certification
- At first, the grower should submit application to the concerned certifying agency along with all necessary information such as variety, class, source of seed, number of plots, and area of seed production.
- Then verification of the source of the seed is done by a certifying agency.
- Certifying agency then sends the field inspector or officer to inspect the field. Field inspection takes place in different stages of crop production such as vegetative state, flowering stage, fruiting, and pre-harvesting, harvesting and post-harvesting stages. Also, they inspect if the minimum field standard is maintained by the seed producer or not. From these inspections, the inspector also makes the report in different indices of seed.
- Then seed sampler perform seed sampling and analysis at seed testing laboratory at least two times:
- After harvesting, threshing, drying and pre-cleaning
- After seed processing and treatment
- Finally, certification tag is provided based on field and seed standard
Importance of seed certification
- Seed certification is done to maintain availability of High quality seed of different crops to the farmers through certification.
- It ensures the acceptable standards of seed viability, vigor and purity and germination percentage.
- It Help to achieve the objective of plantation
- It provides information about the place of origin and the quality of mother plant
- It helps to know the vigor of the growth and the degree of suitability to that site of plantation.
- It Plays important role in risk minimization